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Re:Send Email With Picture Embedded in Body of Email

by roho (Chancellor)
on Sep 10, 2020 at 00:01 UTC ( #11121533=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??


in reply to Send Email With Picture Embedded in Body of Email (SOLVED)

Here is my attempt to add a section to embed the picture in the body of the email. Unfortunately, it does not work.
The email arrives with the raw base64 data displayed.
############################################################## # Embed JPG image in email body. # Note: This does NOT work. ############################################################## $smtp->datasend("MIME-Version: 1.0\n"); $smtp->datasend("Content-Type: text/html; boundary=$boundary\n"); $smtp->datasend("Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64\n"); $smtp->datasend("Content-Disposition: inline\n"); $smtp->datasend("\n"); $smtp->datasend("<body><img alt=\"My Picture\" img src=\""); open(my $fh2, '<', $pic) || die("Could not open Jpg file!"); binmode($fh2); local $/=undef; while (read($fh2, my $chunk, 72*57)) { my $buf = &encode_base64( $chunk ); $smtp->datasend($buf); } close($fh2); $smtp->datasend("\"></body>");

"It's not how hard you work, it's how much you get done."

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Re^2: Send Email With Picture Embedded in Body of Email
by afoken (Canon) on Sep 10, 2020 at 15:01 UTC

    Here is my attempt to add a section to embed the picture in the body of the email. Unfortunately, it does not work. The email arrives with the raw base64 data displayed.

    ############################################################## # Embed JPG image in email body. # Note: This does NOT work. ############################################################## $smtp->datasend("MIME-Version: 1.0\n"); $smtp->datasend("Content-Type: text/html; boundary=$boundary\n"); $smtp->datasend("Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64\n"); $smtp->datasend("Content-Disposition: inline\n"); $smtp->datasend("\n"); $smtp->datasend("<body><img alt=\"My Picture\" img src=\""); open(my $fh2, '<', $pic) || die("Could not open Jpg file!"); binmode($fh2); local $/=undef; while (read($fh2, my $chunk, 72*57)) { my $buf = &encode_base64( $chunk ); $smtp->datasend($buf); } close($fh2); $smtp->datasend("\"></body>");

    In the mail header, you claim to encode the entire mail as base64, but you send it in plain text. That won't work.

    A little bit later, you use a base64 encoded file as URL of that file in an IMG tag. Of course, that also won't work. For an image URL containing the image instead of pointing to it, use a data URI. You would at least need to prefix the bas64 encoded image with "data:image/jpeg;base64,".

    Note that several HTML viewers have size limits on data URIs, others don't accept them at all.

    The RFC way of sending HTML mails with images is to append the image to the mail, give it a CID, and use the CID to as the URI of the image in the HTML part. See RFC2111.

    MIME::Lite (yes, I know this will trigger tons of "do not use that module" warnings) has a quite easy way to do that:

    $msg = MIME::Lite->new( To =>'you@yourhost.com', Subject =>'HTML with in-line images!', Type =>'multipart/related' ); $msg->attach( Type => 'text/html', Data => qq{ <body> Here's <i>my</i> image: <img src="cid:myimage.gif"> </body> }, ); $msg->attach( Type => 'image/gif', Id => 'myimage.gif', Path => '/path/to/somefile.gif', ); $msg->send();

    (Copied from "Send an HTML document... with images included!" in the MIME::Lite pod)

    Alexander

    --
    Today I will gladly share my knowledge and experience, for there are no sweeter words than "I told you so". ;-)
      Thank you for your reply afoken. I would like very much to use a higher level module than "Net::SMTPS" (even the deprecated MIME::Lite), but "Net::SMTPS" is the only module I have found with the options that allow me to connect to the Outlook web email server.

      "It's not how hard you work, it's how much you get done."

        Have you tried building the message with MIME::Lite, and converting it to a string to send with Net::SMTPS?

        Borrowing from afoken's post:

        $msg = MIME::Lite->new( To =>'you@yourhost.com', Subject =>'HTML with in-line images!', Type =>'multipart/related' ); $msg->attach( Type => 'text/html', Data => qq{ <body> Here's <i>my</i> image: <img src="cid:myimage.gif"> </body> }, ); $msg->attach( Type => 'image/gif', Id => 'myimage.gif', Path => '/path/to/somefile.gif', ); $msg->send();

        But replacing $msg->send(); with $smtp->datasend($msg->as_string).

        In practice it might be more complicated since you will have to check for lines with a single period (untested):

        $smtp->datasend( join "\n", map { $_ eq "." ? ".." : $_ } split "\n", $msg->as_string );
Re^2: Send Email With Picture Embedded in Body of Email
by huck (Prior) on Sep 10, 2020 at 03:51 UTC
      Thank you huck. That got me a step closer. The embedded image no longer displays as raw base64 data in the email. The image still does not display in the body of the email. It appears as separate HTML attachment. When I downloaded the HTML attachment to check it in my browser (Chrome), the browser displays raw base64 code instead of the image. I'm sure this should not be this hard, but there are a lot of moving parts. Here is the latest attempt to display an embedded image in the body of the email using <img src=\"data:image/jpeg; base64," in the reference you provided:

      ############################################################## # Email - body (image) [NOT working] ############################################################## $smtp->datasend("--$boundary\n"); $smtp->datasend("MIME-Version: 1.0\n"); $smtp->datasend("Content-Type: text/html\n"); $smtp->datasend("Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64\n"); $smtp->datasend("Content-Disposition: inline\n"); $smtp->datasend("\n"); $smtp->datasend("<body><img src=\"data:image/jpeg; base64,"); open(my $fh2, '<', $pic) || die("Could not open Jpg file!"); binmode($fh2); local $/=undef; while (read($fh2, my $chunk, 72*57)) { my $buf = &encode_base64( $chunk ); $smtp->datasend($buf); } $smtp->datasend("\"></body>"); $smtp->datasend("\n"); close($fh2);

      "It's not how hard you work, it's how much you get done."

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