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thread failed to start?

by noslenj123 (Scribe)
on Mar 10, 2003 at 15:52 UTC ( [id://241751]=perlquestion: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

noslenj123 has asked for the wisdom of the Perl Monks concerning the following question:

After some research, it appears that the message "thread failed to start" is misleading and that in fact the thread has died. The question is, why?

I have written a threaded perl socket server that responds to commands from clients. I have also written a client that will spawn X number of threads that each communicate to the server seperately.

While the clients are all sending their request to the server is when I get a various number of "thread failed to start" messages. It happens under both windows and linux. Does anyone know what this issue is? Am I pushing the envelope?

I need a server that can handle 512-1024 connections at one time. This so far seems to work. But I need to stress test it with a script that can launch that many connections. Not only do I get those errors but as more and more sockets are connected, things seems to slow down quite a bit. Any thoughts?


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Re: thread failed to start?
by pg (Canon) on Mar 10, 2003 at 16:17 UTC
    I did some thread with socket stuff in Perl and donít really see a problem. Generally speaking, socket plus thread works fine with Perl.

    In your case, as you didnít present your code, I can not say for sure, but I would not be surprised that you might have some difficulty to maintain a large number of connections (not saying Perl has a problem, but more likely a coding problem). For example, you may see lots of timeout, as not every thread is taken care of all the time in a multi-threaded way, if you do not handle timeout properly, the function reside on that thread will fail, thus fail the thread. This is just one possibility, may get a better understanding base on your code.
      Here is the parred down code and where the error occurs:
      use strict; use IO::Socket; use threads; use threads::shared; my $numClients = shift; my %thread_status : shared; my $server_status : shared = 'threading'; $| = 1; my $screen_output : shared = 1; my $HOST = 'cdt-2x4w227x'; my $PORT = 7001; # Launch clients in their own thread print "Creating $numClients clients\n"; for (my $i=0; $i<$numClients; $i++) { my ($retries,$socket); $socket = IO::Socket::INET->new("$HOST:$PORT") || print "Socket cr +eation error: $!\n"; while (!$socket) { print "Retrying socket connection for client $i\n"; $retries++; if ($retries > 5) { print "Exceeded retries while launching client $i\n"; last; } sleep 1; $socket = IO::Socket::INET->new("$HOST:$PORT") || print "Socke +t creation error on retry $retries: $!\n"; } if ($socket) { my $t = threads->new(\&handle_client,$socket,$i)->d +etach } else { print " Error creating socket: $i\n" } print "."; } print "Done creating clients\n"; sleep 1; $server_status = 'ready'; print "Waiting for client threads to finish\n"; while (my @keys = keys %thread_status) { my $count = @keys; print &time_stamp," Waiting for [$count] threads from [@keys]\n"; sleep 1; } sleep 1; #<------------------------------------------------------------ handle_ +client --> sub handle_client { my ($socket,$clientNum) = @_; my $line; my $tid = threads->self->tid; my $timeout = 2; $thread_status{$clientNum} = $clientNum; while ($server_status eq 'threading') { sleep 1 } #VINI print " $clientNum -> VINI\n" unless (!$screen_output); if ($socket) { $socket->send("VINI\n") || $socket->close && undef +$socket && return } ^^^^^^ FAILS ON SEND ^^^^^^^ $line = <$socket> if ($socket); print " $clientNum <- $line" unless (!$screen_output); sleep rand($timeout); lock %thread_status; delete $thread_status{$clientNum}; $socket->close; threads->self->yield; return; }
      Error is: thread failed to start: Can't call method "send" without a package or object reference at line 60

      So it looks like you're right about the timeout. So how would one handle and recover from such a time out? Thanks!

        I chopped down your code quite a bit, and also created a multi-threading server. I tried with 100 socket, and donít see any problem.

        Failed to go 200, the problem is low virtual memory, any way, the code itself works. use IO::Socket::INET; use threads; use strict; my $server = new IO::Socket::INET(Proto => "tcp", LocalPort => 7001, L +isten => 5) || die "failed to establish socket\n"; while (1) { my $client = $server->accept; threads->create(\&client_handle, $client); } sub client_handle { my $client = shift; while (1) { my $line = <$client>; chomp $line; print $client $line + 1, "\n"; } } use strict; use IO::Socket; use threads; use threads::shared; my $numClients = shift; my %thread_status : shared; my $server_status : shared = 'threading'; $| = 1; print "Creating $numClients clients\n"; for (my $i=0; $i<$numClients; $i++) { my $socket = IO::Socket::INET->new(Proto => "tcp", PeerAddr => "lo +calhost", PeerPort => 7001) || print "Socket creation error: $!\n"; threads->new(\&handle_client,$socket,$i)->detach; print "."; } print "\nAll Created\n"; sleep 1; $server_status = 'ready'; <STDIN>; #<------------------------------------------------------------ handle_ +client --> sub handle_client { my ($socket,$clientNum) = @_; while ($server_status eq 'threading') { sleep 1 } print $socket "1\n"; while (1) { my $line = <$socket>; chomp $line; print "$clientNum <<== $line\n"; print $socket $line + 1, "\n"; sleep 1; } return; }
Re: thread failed to start?
by deadkarma (Monk) on Mar 10, 2003 at 16:54 UTC
    I wrote an custom multithreaded SMTP server with perl and used a program called postal to benchmark it.

    I was able to get about 4,000 SMTP transactions per minute from a local network by 'pre-sporking' threads to sit and listen on sockets:

    use strict; use threads; use IO::Socket; # the port to listen on: my $PORT = 8989; # the number of threads to pre-spork: my $INITHREADS = 5; my $handle = IO::Socket::INET->new( LocalPort => $PORT, MultiHomed => 1, Type => SOCK_STREAM, Reuse => 1, Listen => 10) or die "Cannot open port $PORT: $!\n"; $handle->autoflush(1); for(1..$INITHREADS) { my $thr = threads->new(\&process)->detach(); } sleep(); # The parent thread sleeps forever. . . # You can potentially change this perma-sleep to # have the parent thread do dynamic thread management # but only if you don't detach() them. sub process { while(my $socklet = $handle->accept()) { # if you want to capture the IP address: # my $peerhost = $socklet->peerhost(); # Here you can do your stuff # I have the server talk to the client # via print $socklet and while(<$socklet>) } }
      I kept that code for future testing on the server side.

      However, right now, it's the client side that is having the problem. The server seems to take anything I can throw at it so far with the exception that some connection attempts to it fail, probably because it's just too busy?

Re: thread failed to start?
by Elian (Parson) on Mar 10, 2003 at 16:29 UTC
    On Linux, at least, each thread takes a slot in your process table, so you may be running into table size limits, which'd prevent thread starting. I'm not sure if Windows has a similar limitation, since it handles threads a bit differently.
      I was wondering too if there was some sort of file handle limit I was running in to. I have not been able to find out what it might be using perl 5.8.0 from activestate under win2k. I see a lot of talk about 256 but can't verify it. :-(
        yeah, it seems ActiveState 5.8.0 under WinXP, only 256 threads can be created. If Try to start more than that the program exits, no error, no warning. . . .:

        use strict; use threads; my $num_threads = 0; for(1..257) { my $thr = threads->new(\&threader); $num_threads++; print "$num_threads started\r"; } print "$num_threads running\n"; sleep(); sub threader { sleep(); }
Re: thread failed to start?
by pg (Canon) on Mar 10, 2003 at 19:11 UTC
    Modified my code in previous reply, now both server and clients reside in a single process. This makes the threading structure a little bit more complex. Donít think this should replace the previous version of code, because of the architecture difference, so just create this new reply.

    Also added yield() to all threads.

    Code is tested.

    use strict; use IO::Socket; use threads; use threads::shared; my $numClients = shift; my $all_created : shared = 0; $| = 1; threads->create(\&server); print "Creating $numClients clients...\n"; for (1..$numClients) { my $socket = IO::Socket::INET->new(Proto => "tcp", PeerAddr => "lo +calhost", PeerPort => 7001) || print "Socket creation error: $!\n"; threads->new(\&client, $socket, $_)->detach; print "."; } print "\nAll Created\n"; sleep 1; $all_created = 1; <STDIN>; sub server { my $server = new IO::Socket::INET(Proto => "tcp", LocalPort => 700 +1, Listen => 5) || die "failed to establish socket\n"; while (1) { my $client = $server->accept; threads->create(\&client_handle, $client); threads->yield; } } sub client_handle { my $client = shift; while (<$client>) { chomp; print $client $_ + 1, "\n"; threads->yield; } } sub client { my ($socket,$id) = @_; sleep 1 while (!$all_created); print $socket "1\n"; while (<$socket>) { chomp; print "$id <<== $_\n"; print $socket $_ + 1, "\n"; threads->yield; sleep 5; } return; }

      I have done a whole bunch of testing. All with perl 5.8 under both linux and win2k,usually one as the client and the other as the server.

      I've used my code, and your first code above. You're right, everything is working fine at 100. The hard stop seems to be at 110. Or actually it might be 113.

      With win2k as the server, I get all kinds of 'connection refused' errors. Of course then I get all kinds of errors. Sometimes it has seemed to help to set Listen=>50 or something higher anyway. .

      With linux as the server and generating 120 clients from win2k, all connections seem to occur, however only the first 110 clients ever talk. I read some where that under windows there is a main thread and a thread for 'use threads' and a thread for 'use threads::shared'. Those 3 plus the 110 clients that talk = 113.

      Throughout the other various test I have run, the numbers 110 or 113 keep cropping up as the limits. So apparently there is something built in that I cannot control as far as the number of simultaneous connections goes.

      Of course this is very discouraging as I will now need to look around for another language to use to get a stress tester built. It pains me as I promote perl around here and now I'm not looking too good on this one. :-(

      If you have any other ideas that I can try, please let me know. I have even tried using arrays of IO::Select objects without threading, no go.

      Thanks for all your help!!


      You don't need to create more than one server socket if you Reuse

      you can:

      my $server = new IO::Socket::INET( Proto => "tcp", LocalPort => 7001, Listen => 5, Reuse => 1) || die "failed to establish socket\n";
      And then accept in the thread.
Re: thread failed to start?
by petesmiley (Friar) on Mar 10, 2003 at 17:07 UTC
    Not only did you not post any code or samples, you did not post the whole error.....

    I believe the "thread failed to start" error is generally followed by an error with a line number. Please correct me if I'm wrong and if not, please post the whole error.

    smiles (for everyone)

      Doh, sorry. See reply to first responder.....

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