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Re^3: Proxy Authentication

by xiper (Friar)
on Jun 11, 2004 at 04:39 UTC ( #363295=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??


in reply to Re^2: Proxy Authentication
in thread Proxy Authentication

I don't like the idea of passwords being in plain text either in the script or in the users environment. Do you know of anyway round that?
Well, you could just manually (or semi-manually) add the raw header
Proxy-Authorization: Basic <string>
where <string> is a base64 encoded string containing the username and password separated by a colon, generated like so:
use MIME::Base64; print encode_base64( join( ':', $username, $password ) );
and either manually print it in the right spot (after the GET or POST line)
print "Proxy-Authorization: Basic SSdtIG5vdCB0aGF0IHN0dXBpZC4uLiA6KQ== +\n";
or, in your case, use HTTP::Headers
use HTTP::Headers; my $header = HTTP::Headers->new( Proxy_Authorization => 'Basic SSdtIG5 +vdCB0aGF0IHN0dXBpZC4uLiA6KQ==' );
and add $header as the third parameter to your HTTP::Request constructor:
my $request = new HTTP::Request('GET', $ARGV[0], $header);
(insert usual disclaimers about passwords... blah blah... security through obscurity... blah blah...)

- ><iper

use japh; print;

Replies are listed 'Best First'.
Re^4: Proxy Authentication
by rmb (Novice) on Jun 11, 2004 at 10:36 UTC
    xiper,

    This looked very promising and tried the code below but get the 502 error. Is their a way of establishing exactly what the proxy is objecting to? I am sure that the domain\username and password are correct.

    #!/usr/local/bin/perl use LWP::UserAgent; use HTTP::Request; use HTTP::Response; use HTTP::Headers; my $header = HTTP::Headers->new( Proxy_Authorization => 'Basic ZW1lYVx +yYmlzc2V0OnJvbjQ1Ng==' ); my $ua = new LWP::UserAgent; #$ua->proxy('http', 'http://domain\username:password@10.10.10.10:8080/ +'); $ua->proxy('http', 'http://10.10.10.10:8080/'); $ua->no_proxy('my_domain.com'); my $request = new HTTP::Request('GET', $ARGV[0], $header); #$request->proxy_authorization_basic( 'domain\username', 'password' ); my $response = $ua->request($request); if ($response->is_success) { print $response->content; } else { print $response->error_as_HTML; }
    And this is the error that I am getting

    $ perl -d ./get_url.pl http://www.google.co.uk Loading DB routines from perl5db.pl version 1.19 Editor support available. Enter h or `h h' for help, or `man perldebug' for more help. main::(./get_url.pl:8): my $header = HTTP::Headers->new( Proxy_Authori +zation => 'Basic ZW1lYVxyYmlzc2V0OnJvbjQ1Ng==' ); DB<1> s HTTP::Headers::new(/usr/local/lib/perl5/site_perl/5.8.0/HTTP/Headers.p +m:70): 70: my($class) = shift; DB<1> s HTTP::Headers::new(/usr/local/lib/perl5/site_perl/5.8.0/HTTP/Headers.p +m:71): 71: my $self = bless {}, $class; DB<1> s HTTP::Headers::new(/usr/local/lib/perl5/site_perl/5.8.0/HTTP/Headers.p +m:72): 72: $self->header(@_) if @_; # set up initial headers DB<1> x $header 0 undef DB<2> r scalar context return from HTTP::Headers::new: 'proxy-authorization' = +> 'Basic ZW1lYVxyYmlzc2V0OnJvbjQ1Ng==' main::(./get_url.pl:10): my $ua = new LWP::UserAgent; DB<2> r <HTML> <HEAD><TITLE>An Error Occurred</TITLE></HEAD> <BODY> <H1>An Error Occurred</H1> 502 Proxy Error ( The ISA Server denies the specified Uniform Resource + Locator (URL). ) </BODY> </HTML> Debugged program terminated. Use q to quit or R to restart,

    Any advice appreciated.

    rmb

      rmb, I hope you already changed your password! if not, do it as soon as you can.

      you see, between a password in plain text in your user environment and a password base64-encoded on PerlMonks, I would prefer the first :-)

      cheers,
      Aldo King of Laziness, Wizard of Impatience, Lord of Hubris
      Well, the code looks correct, and as eclark mentioned below, it works okay for me. It sounds like either the proxy isn't accepting your username/domain/password, or it isn't accepting the url you're giving it - look up the error code in your proxy's documentation. Make sure you can access the same page with the same credentials using a browser with the same proxy settings on the same computer. Try different url types and/or combinations of domain/username (eg, "username", "domain\username", "username@domain", "domain.suffix.com.uk\username", "username@domain.suffix.com.uk", etc).

      A good way to debug these things (as samtregar recently mentioned), is to write a small proxy using HTTP::Proxy, point your script & browser to it, and see what the difference is in the request header they send. Here's a snippit to get you started:

      #! /usr/bin/perl use strict; use HTTP::Proxy qw( :log ); my $proxy = new HTTP::Proxy; $proxy->port( 8081 ); $proxy->logfh( *STDOUT ); $proxy->logmask( ALL ); $proxy->start;
      Good luck!

      - ><iper

      use japh; print;

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