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Re^2: Parsing HTML and Inserting JavaScript/HTML into Documents

by fizbin (Chaplain)
on Oct 14, 2005 at 12:40 UTC ( #500220=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to Re: Parsing HTML and Inserting JavaScript/HTML into Documents
in thread Parsing HTML and Inserting JavaScript/HTML into Documents

Remember when I said that it shouldn't be an HTML::TreeBuilder problem per se? Well, it's not exactly, but it turns out that HTML::Parser, which HTML::TreeBuilder uses, has an issue with characters whose utf-8 expansions include the character 0xA0. Why? Well, internal to the parser it's expanding the string into a bunch of UTF-8 bytes and then parsing as it used to before unicode came to the perl world. Unfortunately, at certain points it calls a function to skip "space characters" - and in latin1, character 0xA0 is a space. This leads to it skip part of a utf8 character, and pass along partial/truncated utf8 characters to other perl functions, which is bad.

There are two ways around this. One is to patch the C source for HTML::Parser - the file you need to change is hctype.h and the code you need to change is:

$ diff hctype.h.orig hctype.h 42c42 < 0x01, 0x78, 0x78, 0x78, 0x78, 0x78, 0x78, 0x78, /* 160 - 167 */ --- > 0x78, 0x78, 0x78, 0x78, 0x78, 0x78, 0x78, 0x78, /* 160 - 167 */
The other way is to change the section that decodes incoming text into perl's representation so that you never pass anything to HTML::Parser that might contain a 0xA0 when represented in utf8; for example, in my LWP::UserAgent sample, you would do this:
if ($charset) { $mini_parser = undef; my $decoded = decode($charset, $unencoded_buffer, Encode::FB_QUIET +); $decoded =~ s/([\x80-\x{FFFF}])/sprintf('&#x%02X;',ord($1))/ge; $root->parse($decoded); }
Technically, that character range is larger than you need, but removing every possible character with an 0xA0 expansion in UTF-8, and nothing else, is an annoying task.

I'll be filing a bug report with the maintainer of HTML::Parser.

@/=map{[/./g]}qw/.h_nJ Xapou cets krht ele_ r_ra/; map{y/X_/\n /;print}map{pop@$_}@/for@/

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