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Re^2: How to sort record using pack function ?

by bh_perl (Monk)
on Sep 02, 2010 at 03:23 UTC ( #858466=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to Re: How to sort record using pack function ?
in thread How to sort record using pack function ?

This is some of my coding..could you comment ?. I read the record length as $length = unpack "C4", substr $data,0,2,'';. is it correct ?
read (DATA, $data, 3); $tag = unpack "H2", substr $data,0,1,''; if ($tag =~ /(81|80|00)/) { # the Record Identifier H80 is used as Filler record to fill in o +ne byte if ($tag == "80") { $length = 2; } # the Record Identifier H81 is used as Filler record to fill in s +everal bytes if ($tag == "81") { $length = unpack "C4", substr $data,0,2,''; $length -= 3; } # the Record Identifier H00 is used as Filler record to fill in 3 +2 bytes if ($tag == "00") { $length=62; } read (DATA, $data, $length); $raw = unpack "H*", $data; if ($trace) { print ("FILLER\n"); printf ("%-20s : %-5s\n", "TAG", $tag); printf ("%-20s : %-5s\n", "RECORD LENGTH", $length); print ("RAW DATA : \n$raw\n"); } }

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Re^3: How to sort record using pack function ?
by AnomalousMonk (Archbishop) on Sep 02, 2010 at 03:52 UTC

    It is vital for me and any other monk who may wish to comment on your code to know the structure of the data you are trying to parse with the code. Without a clear definition of this structure, we're just guessing. One important point to make clear is if you are trying to parse raw binary data, or if the data is in some form such as, literally, '1A2B334566778B9A' as is suggested by your use of the 'H' unpack specifier.

Re^3: How to sort record using pack function ?
by Marshall (Canon) on Sep 02, 2010 at 10:43 UTC
    I am having trouble understanding exactly what kind of data that you really have. This matters. Do you have real binary? Or are you using some textual string representation of binary data?

    AnomalousMonk immediately converted your string into "real binary", which is not unreasonable as you can't post a binary file here, you'd have to uuencode it or whatever. It could be that you are working from a spec and don't have a real binary file to work from. Below shows to write one to disk for testing.

    #we are packing nibbles (4 bits) at a time # H is big-endian order # h is little-endian order (swaps adjacent nibbles) my $raw = pack 'H*', '8447000c0000110a0350'; #decode back to input string... print unpack ('H*', $raw), "\n"; # prints: 8447000c0000110a0350 print unpack ('h*', $raw), "\n"; # prints: 487400c0000011a03005 #need to set binmode when writing raw binary data... open (BIN, '>', 'test.bin') || die "can't open test.bin"; binmode(BIN); print BIN $raw; close BIN;
    Yes, there are a number of ways to write the code that gets the length:
    # v1 is a little-endian 16 bit (short) so needs 2 bytes # if substr didn't limit to 2 bytes substr($raw,1) works also # unpack will use first 2 bytes. my ($len) = unpack 'v1',substr($raw,1,2);#substr deals in bytes not ni +bbles. print $len,"\n"; #prints 71 print unpack ('v', substr($raw,1)),"\n"; #prints 71 print unpack ('x v', $raw ),"\n"; #prints 71
    so questions:
    1. Do you really have real binary or are you just working from this "nibblelist" format in ASCII?
    2. It would be helpful if you had a little chart explaining or the C record declaration or equivalent in whatever format you can:
    record: unsigned char record_type 8 bits unsigned short length 16 bits little endian ... some data type and description of these sections...
    After see they single byte of type and the 2 bytes (little endian) of length, then there are 3 different types of data sections that can follow depending upon the type, please explain that a bit more - not sure that I really get it.

    I would suggest reading more about substr. I think you probably want to leave off REPLACEMENT parm. The $str = substr eXPR, OFFSET, LENGTH, REPLACEMENT

    If you really want to read binary, read more about read as you will have to set binmode and also pay attention to the return value of read which is the actual number of bytes read. All of this is different if you just have an ASCII representation of binary instead of "real binary".

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