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A very good point!

Note also that in deeply nested hashes, exists will autovivify intermediate levels of the hash in the process of testing the existence of a low level element.

To be nitpicky, it's not exists, but the hash accesses preceding the exists call.

Anyway, I just wanted to point out that the ugly-but-entirely-core way to avoid the autovivification in this example is:

print 'yes' if exists $hash{www} && exists $hash{www}{xxx} && exists $hash{www}{xxx}{yyy} && exists $hash{www}{xxx}{yyy}{zzz};

Although as I described in a recent thread, I try to keep my hash accesses fairly simple.

In reply to Re^2: "print" of nonexistent element is actually altering a hash by haukex
in thread "print" of nonexistent element is actually altering a hash by larrymenard

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