Beefy Boxes and Bandwidth Generously Provided by pair Networks
Clear questions and runnable code
get the best and fastest answer
 
PerlMonks  

comment on

( #3333=superdoc: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??
The passphrase length in RC4/CyberSaber doesn't have anything to do with the final key length. In fact, RC4 doesn't really have a "key" in the obvious sence the way block ciphers do.

Rather, the internal state is an array of 256 bytes, one holding each value, that is shuffled into some permutation. The input letters of the passphrase control the shuffling details.

So, the actual "strength" of the cipher is that it has 256! possible states. So, the "key" is approximatly 1683 bits, since there are 2**1683 possible states for the cipher to be set-up into.

If you know something about how the passphrase is chosen, then an attacker can search far less than that many possibilities. E.g. with 96 ASCII chars and 8 char length, only 96**8 or 2**52 of the possible keys will ever be used. In order to say the system has an effective key size of 52 bits, the attacker would have to know that, and know which 2**52 keys are available. That's the case with "40 bit" SSL.

—John


In reply to Re: Re: Encrypting Largish Files by John M. Dlugosz
in thread Encrypting Largish Files by filmo

Title:
Use:  <p> text here (a paragraph) </p>
and:  <code> code here </code>
to format your post; it's "PerlMonks-approved HTML":



  • Are you posting in the right place? Check out Where do I post X? to know for sure.
  • Posts may use any of the Perl Monks Approved HTML tags. Currently these include the following:
    <code> <a> <b> <big> <blockquote> <br /> <dd> <dl> <dt> <em> <font> <h1> <h2> <h3> <h4> <h5> <h6> <hr /> <i> <li> <nbsp> <ol> <p> <small> <strike> <strong> <sub> <sup> <table> <td> <th> <tr> <tt> <u> <ul>
  • Snippets of code should be wrapped in <code> tags not <pre> tags. In fact, <pre> tags should generally be avoided. If they must be used, extreme care should be taken to ensure that their contents do not have long lines (<70 chars), in order to prevent horizontal scrolling (and possible janitor intervention).
  • Want more info? How to link or or How to display code and escape characters are good places to start.
Log In?
Username:
Password:

What's my password?
Create A New User
Domain Nodelet?
Chatterbox?
and the web crawler heard nothing...

How do I use this? | Other CB clients
Other Users?
Others cooling their heels in the Monastery: (1)
As of 2022-10-01 10:34 GMT
Sections?
Information?
Find Nodes?
Leftovers?
    Voting Booth?
    I prefer my indexes to start at:




    Results (126 votes). Check out past polls.

    Notices?