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I'm not sure about your requirements. I wrote a solution that produces

```[1,2,3]
[3,4,7]
[3,6,9]

This seems more consistent with your stated requirements than your example results. 4 & 8 are equally common -- they appear twice in the arrays. 4 occurs before 8 in \$b, thus the elements appear in \$b's order of insertion.

At any rate, my algorithm was:

1. Traverse all the arrays, counting how many of each element appear.
2. Sort the results in order of ascending frequency and assign it to @frequency.
3. Take the last of these (i.e. most frequent, or tied for most frequent, and thus common to all) and assign it to \$common.
4. Die with an error message if \$common < the number of arrays -- there wasn't really an element common to all.
5. Start building the results for each array:
1. First, assign \$common.
2. Then, for each element in @frequency, test if that element is present in the current array. If it is, assign it to the results for this array. Do this X-1 times (assigning \$common took care of one element.)
3. Sort this array's results.
6. Push an arrayref for this array's results on your final results array.

Updated: my unstated assumption in the above was that that code would be in a subroutine to be called like so:

```my (\$a_, \$b_, \$c_) = mutually_exclusive(\$X, \$a, \$b, \$c);

In reply to Re: Mutually Exclusive Elements by Zed_Lopez
in thread Mutually Exclusive Elements by Anonymous Monk

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